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Under the global manufacturing revolutions China strategy

2014/09/11

        Manufacturing and industrial powerful for any country powers were "founding of this". As the global industry restructuring after the international financial crisis and a new round of industrial revolution, China's manufacturing industry is facing unprecedented challenges and opportunities, how to promote the "big but not strong" of China's manufacturing industry overall level upgrade has become about the fate of the nation's top priority in the future.

  Who occupies more and more facts have proven that the core of the value chain link, who is to control the value of the global value chain and wealth. It can be said that the international financial crisis after the rise of a new round of industrial revolution, is a digital revolution, but also the value chain revolution. The Internet, the Internet of things, robot technology, artificial intelligence, 3 d printing, new materials, such as more breakthroughs and interaction will promote the rise of new industry, new forms and new mode, after a massive (post -) mass production of the world is coming, the revolution will affect not only how to make the product, where will also affect the production, the competitive landscape will reshape the global industry.

  At present, intelligent industrial transform and upgrade equipment has become a global manufacturing, developed countries alike to upgrade manufacturing industry as the primary task of a new round of industrial revolution. "Industrialization" agitation in the United States, Germany, the "4.0" and "Internet factory" strategy, and countries such as Japan and South Korea manufacturing transformation is not easy to return to traditional manufacturing industry and it with to promote the efficiency of production, the production mode of innovation and the development of new industries, especially the German "4.0" industrial strategy is seen as more representative of a new round of industrial revolution.

  At the end of 2013, the German electrical and electronics and information technology association released the first German "4.0" industrial standardization road map, to strengthen the Germany as the core competitiveness of technical and economic power. 4.0 "industry" is the German government officially launched in 2010 "high technology strategy 2020" one of the top ten projects in the future. 4.0 the so-called "industry", it is relative to the 18th century the introduction of "1.0" industrial machinery manufacturing equipment, electrification of the "2.0", in the early 20th century from the perspective of the "3.0" industrial informatization in the 1970 s for the fourth time the industrial revolution.

  "4.0" industrial is in Germany, put forward by the academia and industry to promote the fourth industrial revolution dominated by intelligent manufacturing or revolutionary production methods, by making full use of information and communication technology and network physical system, controlled by the centralized to decentralized enhanced control basic pattern transformation, the individuality of the goal is to build a highly flexible and mode of production, digital products and services to promote manufacturing to intelligent transformation.

  In the global manufacturing industry competition intensified, and gradually enter the "4.0" under the background of times, Germany not only has realized to the introduction of the Internet of things in the manufacturing industry and service of the country. Not only competitive threat to German industry in Asia, the United States also is taking steps to, through a variety of plans to deal with "de-industrialisation", promoting "advanced manufacturing". In early 2009, the United States began to adjust economic development strategy, released in December "to revive American manufacturing framework"; In June 2011 and February 2012, successively launched the advanced manufacturing partnership "and" advanced manufacturing national strategic plan ", and through active industrial policy, encourage manufacturers to return to the United States. At present, the United States has officially launched the high-end manufacturing plan, active in the biological manufacturing, research and development of a new generation of microelectronic, high-end robotics, nanotechnology, high-end battery, energy materials in areas such as strengthening the research, which will promote the high-end talent, high-end elements and high-end innovation cluster development, and maintain a leading research and development in the field of high-end manufacturing, advanced technology and manufacturing lead. Look from actual effect, America's manufacturing as a share of GDP from 12% in 2010 to 15% in 2013, the strategic effect have been revealed.

  The world's major developed countries have keenly aware of the trend of global industrial development, for the long-term global industrial manufacturing low-end chain in China, has stronger lesson and enlightenment significance.

  In recent years, as China's demographic dividend gradually disappearing, China's traditional manufacturing advantage is increasingly attenuation, from labor-intensive industry to technology-intensive, capital-intensive industry transformation will be the trend of The Times. At present, China is in for the old technology revolution "lessons", extend existing technology revolution, meet superposition of the new technology revolution period, in the depth of information technology is applied and a new round of technological revolution stage, we need to plan as a whole to deal with the traditional industry to upgrade, and depth of information technology applications and emerging industries.

  China is already the world's second largest economy, manufacturing output in 2012 that more than 20% of the world's total, become the world's first manufacturing power. However, China's manufacturing industry "big but not strong" the situation is very outstanding: one is the added value of China's manufacturing rate is only 26.5%, far below the level of 35% ~ 40% in the developed countries. China's energy consumption per unit output manufacturing 9 times that of Japan, Germany 6 times, four times that of the United States. Many industries still exist the phenomenon of "immiserizing growth". 2 it is lack of the main body in industrial innovation system innovation concentrated reflection of the lack of generic technology platform. Due to the common technology on economic performance for the public products, completely rely on market forces is therefore difficult to fundamentally solve the problem of shortage of generic technology supply. Three is in the international industrial division of labor system, most of China's information technology level in the downstream industry chain and value chain low-end, fusion depth required by the industry and industry application software solution is dependent on foreign companies. Finally, the information network infrastructure still wide disparity compared with developed international, unable to meet the needs of the "two" depth fusion.

  Fortunately, the ministry and other four departments jointly drafted by the strategic planning of China's industrial power - "made in China 2025" is expected in the next year. It is reported that "made in China 2025" on the basis of reference to German version 4.0 industrial strategy, pay more attention to the top-level design of China's manufacturing strategy and the overall design, coupled with the key industries, and regional planning in the field of "1 + x" pattern, will strive for in 2025 from the "industrial" transition to "industrial power".

  The author believes that the future will from "made in China" to "think tank made in China" is at the heart of accelerating manufacturing "two () industrialization and informationization" depth fusion, promote the intelligent manufacturing, this big data industry development, more attention must be paid to the prospective layout is the core of intelligent manufacturing technology, further integrate research resources, build the industry-university-institute cooperation system, break through a number of core technology, key technology, vigorously foster producer services, processing technology such as technology, equipment and systems management technologies such as information integration, service integration, to enhance the level of manufacturing industry value chain.